The guide highlights the ground-level regulatory and policy questions that must be answered by electricity regulators, rural energy agencies, and ministries to promote commercially sustainable investments by private operators and community organizations. Among the practical questions addressed is how to design and implement retail tariffs, quality of service standards, feed-in tariffs, and backup tariffs.
META yields levelized costs for generation, transmission, and distribution for each electricity supply technology option from a relatively few input parameters. One of the features of META is that it allows for integration of environmental externalities, such as local pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
El informe estresa la importancia de una concertada ayuda internacional para ayudar a financiar el aumento de proyectos durante las etapas tempranas y durante las fases riesgosas para así lograr mitigar el riesgo y hacer que los proyectos sean más atractivos para la inversión privada.
Le rapport souligne l'importance d'une coordination de l'aide pour financer la géothermie dans les phases préliminaires de validation de la ressource, afin d'atténuer le risque et rendre les projets attrayants à l'investissement privé.
The report on International Experience with Open Access to Power Grids advises World Bank staff and country clients on effective options for open access implementation. The experience from a number of countries has been reviewed from this perspective—including Brazil, Peru, Turkey, India and the Philippines, along with the key elements of the open access models applied in the United States and countries of the European Union.
This study looks at the lessons learned and challenges of Phase I of the JNNSM, and lays out issues identified as critical by most stakeholders, which require closer attention and resolution.
The specific objective of the study is to assess the potential of India’s industries to set up a manufacturing base to produce CSP technology components and equipment.
The study assesses competitive positioning and the potential of Indian companies in the manufacturing of important CSP components.The report also proposes an Action Plan to help develop this potential and evaluate the resulting economic benefits.
The study confirms that differences between firms that get connected to electricity and those that do not get connected are substantial. While service firms tend to get connected to the grid, take-up rates in the manufacturing sector of rural areas were low in the countries that have been studied.
This note summarizes the main recommendations from a World Bank review of both China’s recent efforts and relevant international experience.
The Tool for Rapid Assessment of City Energy (TRACE) is a decision-support system designed to help cities quickly identify and harness EE opportunities. It targets underperforming sectors, evaluates improvement and cost-saving potential, and helps prioritize actions for EE interventions. TRACE focuses on the municipal sectors with the highest energy use: passenger transport, municipal buildings, water and wastewater, public lighting, power and heat, and solid waste.
The Federal Government of Nigeria and the World Bank have agreed to carry out a Climate Change Assessment (CCA) within the framework of the Bank's Country Partnership Strategy for Nigeria (2010-13). The CCA includ
es an analysis of options for low-carbon development in selected sectors, including power, oil and gas, transport, and agriculture.
The general objectives of the guidelines are to improve or strengthen the EIA process and implementation, provide support for studies related to Strategic Environment
al Assessment (SEA) Regulation and future SEA processes, and promote the sustainable development of natural resources as well as enhance basin management planning.
This study finds that the use of biomass for cooking in the region will likely continue to be significant for a long time due to population growth, high incidence of poverty, high prices for household gas (LPG) coupled with unsustainable LPG subsidies, as well as relatively easy access to fuelwood in the region.
This report aims to help fill the gap. Its novelty rests on a conceptual examination of RBF mechanisms to derive insights on when and under which circumstances they are desirable, and the application of these insights to the energy access and energy efficiency contexts.
ESMAP’s strategic engagement in the clean cooking sector includes:
• helping to broaden the scope of energy sector reform and policy dialog to include household energy access issues;
• producing analytical work to inform dialogue and to support technical assistance and lending operations; and
• helping to design and implement clean cooking interventions in World Bank operations.
This briefing note discusses the key elements of the gender-energy topic and provides specific examples of how to integrate gender considerations in energy policy dialogue and the project cycle.
It draws on recent experience within the World Bank and elsewhere in mainstreaming gender in energy projects, and looks at three key areas: assessment, action, and monitoring and evaluation.
This report provides a number of key lessons realized from the Rwanda Energy SWAp for development partners and governments considering using such an approach. Country and government ownership and leadership is essential for efficient program planning and implementation, as is an alignment with national priorities and policies.
This report profiles three promising models of commercial forestry that can contribute to modernization and rationalization of the wood energy sector in developing countries: (i) community-based forest management (CBFM), (ii) private woodlots in Sub-Saharan Africa, and (iii) forest replacement associations (FRA) in Latin America.
This report distills the lessons learned from these studies and is intended as a practical guide for government officials, practitioners, and development agencies involved in low carbon development planning.
As big and visible consumers, actions taken by governments to improve energy efficiency can strongly influence decisions by businesses and private citizens. This report assesses global experiences with energy efficient purchasing (EEP) as a tool to help governments improve the efficiency of their facilities and public services. Under such programs, governments can require or encourage their agencies to include energy efficient requirements or preferences when they purchase products that use energy, such as lighting, office equipment and vehicles. In most cases, EEP programs are designed to give preference to products that offer the best value over the products’ lifetimes.
The Geothermal Handbook is a comprehensive guide to planning and financing geothermal projects. Based on lessons learned from multiple investment successes and failures, the handbook presents a step-by-step understanding of the phases of geothermal project development, looking at the risks involved and at the policies, institutions and financing mechanisms needed to successfully bring projects to fruition.
The report stresses the importance of concerted international assistance to help finance geothermal scale-up in the early, risky phases of development, in order to mitigate risk and make projects attractive to private investment.
Countries heavily dependent on imported oil to power a significant portion of their electricity generation are especially vulnerable to high and volatile oil prices. In net oil-importing countries worldwide, high and volatile oil prices ripple through the power sector to numerous segments of the economy. As prices move up and down, so does the cost of electricity production, which has far-reaching effects on the economy, fiscal and trade balances, businesses, and household living standards. High and volatile oil prices affect economies at both a macro and micro level.
Cleaner Hearths, Better Homes draws on case studies from six Indian states—Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal—and other stove programs around the globe. It discusses both, the shortcomings and positive features of India's legacy improved biomass stove programs, and suggests policies and practical ways to promote the use of cleaner burning, energy efficient, and affordable stoves.
This report looks at lessons to identify the challenges associated with development of geothermal generation, including physical, financial, regulatory and institutional barriers. It outlines possible strategies to overcome them at the regional and country-specific level to provide decision-makers a reference document with a regional outlook. This report is the fourth in a series of studies undertaken by the World Bank to better understand the energy challenges facing Central American countries.
By embarking on a low-carbon growth path, China’s cities can help reach the country’s targets for reducing the energy and carbon intensity of its economy, and become more livable, efficient, competitive, and ultimately sustainable.
This report aims to provide central government policymakers and those of municipalities, cities and townships in China with practical lessons on sustainable low-carbon development.
This report reviews emerging practices and makes recommendations on planning the scaled-up transmission that is needed to accommodate new renewable sources of energy. It also provides guidance on regulating transmission to ensure that renewable energy goals are achieved. The report recommends that governments and utilities favor such approaches over reactive ones in which the transmission provider responds ex-post to renewable energy projects that are already underway or even completed.
The Geothermal Handbook is a comprehensive guide to planning and financing geothermal projects. Based on lessons learned from multiple investment successes and failures, the handbook presents a step-by-step understanding of the phases of geothermal project development, looking at the risks involved and at the policies, institutions and financing mechanisms needed to successfully bring projects to fruition. The report stresses the importance of concerted international assistance to help finance geothermal scale-up in the early, risky phases of development, in order to mitigate risk and make projects attractive to private investment.
Rapid urban growth in developing countries has created an unprecedented demand for energy services. Cities face the enormous challenge of improving energy access to urban communities in order to improve education, health and basic socioeconomic conditions. These eight case studies demonstrate innovative, successful approaches to delivery of energy services to the urban and peri-urban poor. The case studies focus on electricity and clean fuels, and are taken from India, Brazil, Colombia and Bangladesh.
Improving energy efficiency is at the core of measures to reduce operational cost at water and wastewater utilities. Since energy represents the largest controllable operational expenditure of most WWUs, and many EE measures have a payback period of less than five years, investing in efficiency supports quicker and greater expansion of clean water access for the poor by making the system cheaper to operate.
Initiated in 2005, this study was requested by the government of India to: (a) develop the analytical capacity required to help identify low carbon growth opportunities, up to the end of the 15th Five Year Plan (March 2032), in major sectors of the economy; and (b) facilitate informed decision-making by improving the knowledge base and raising national and international awareness of India’s efforts to address global climate change.