En América Central, 20 millones de personas cocinan con biomasa en fogones abiertos o estufas rudimentarias. El número de personas en la región que usan biomasa para cocinar seguirá siendo significativo durante mucho tiempo debido a la alta incidencia de la pobreza, los altos precios combinados con la falta de sostenibilidad de los subsidios del gas licuado de petróleo (GLP), y el acceso relativamente fácil a la leña en la región.
The Guidelines to Cumulative Environmental Impact Assessment (CEIA) have been prepared within the scope of a CEIA technical assistance study (CEIA study) supported by the World Bank. The CEIA study was developed based on the need to assess the cumulative impacts of hydropower projects in Turkey and was conducted in coordination and cooperation with the relevant departments of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization (MoEU) and the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs (MoFWA).
This report identifies the circumstances when results-based financing (RBF) approaches might be an appropriate energy sector intervention in developing countries, especially to promote energy access and energy efficiency. It was commissioned by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) as part of a broader initiative looking at the potential for greater use of results-based approaches in the energy sector in developing countries.
The objective of this study is to better understand current developments in clean and efficient biomass cooking solutions, factors that have precluded a larger penetration of ICS within the region, and lessons learned from past programs—both in the region and in other countries—that may be relevant to Central America. The study recommends key actions that may help the region step up its current dissemination efforts and promote sustained use of ICS, a first step toward universal access to ICS by fuelwood users.
Over 3 billion people continue to rely on solid household fuels—biomass and coal—in developing countries, with serious impacts to health and the environment. The latest World Health Organization (WHO) studies indicate that over 4 million people—predominantly women and children—die prematurely due to exposure to indoor air pollution from cookstoves.
Lighting Africa, un programme conjoint de la Banque mondiale et d’IFC, vise à accélérer le développement des marchés des produits d’éclairage hors réseau en Afrique sub-saharienne dans le cadre des efforts plus larges du Groupe Banque mondiale d’amélioration de l’accès à l’énergie.
As it has for 30 years, the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) is actively helping low- and middle-income countries meet their energy challenges and take advantage of new opportunities. This annual report looks at ESMAP's work in Fiscal Year 2012 with an emphasis on the program's four main focus areas: energy access, clean energy, energy efficient cities, and energy sector assessments and strategies. During this period, ESMAP continued its reorientation to better serve
In the energy sector, the gender dimensions of access to services, exposure to risks, and access to benefits are being increasingly recognized as important elements to be considered for effective policy making and project design. In practice, this translates into integrating a gender perspective throughout the operational cycle of projects, to improve gender equity in participation, benefits and opportunities.
In recent years, different approaches to providing aid have emerged. The sector-wide approach (SWAp) is a country-led, results-focused framework that brings together development partners and other stakeholders to coordinate aid within a sector. This approach aims to support country and government leadership in sector policy and planning, utilizing government systems and procedures and an agreed expenditure program. SWAps have traditionally been used to coordinate investments in schools and hospitals, but recently have been applied to other infrastructure sectors.