Publications

Topics
Country
Region
Grid Integration Requirements for Variable Renewable Energy

This technical guide is the first in a series of four technical guides on variable renewable energy (VRE) grid integration produced by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) of the World Bank and the Global Sustainable Electricity Partnership (GSEP). It provides a general overview of the intrinsic characteristics of VRE generation, mainly solar PV and wind, what the main challenges are along with some recommendations for VRE technical specifications, applicable standards, and essential testing.

The main focus of the document presents a detailed outline of the essential requirements for VRE integration into the power grid. The requirements differ for different levels of penetration but would require fundamental grid compliance requirements that must be reflected in any grid. This document provides these requirements along with recommendations of advanced VRE integration requirements that could be reflected in the power system operations with these VRE resources.

The compliance with the technical requirements where applicable is validated through extensive series of interconnection studies which are further elaborated in "STUDIES FOR GRID CONNECTION OF VARIABLE RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION PLANTS – Technical Guide 3."

Citation

Energy Sector Management Assistance Program. 2019. Grid Integration Requirements for Variable Renewable Energy. ESMAP Technical Guide;. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32075 

Users also downloaded
This report catalogs nine ways that distributed photovoltaics systems can, with other distributed resources, help people in low- and middle-income countries.
December 14 2021
This report presents a detailed cost-benefit framework for examining the value proposition of repurposing for three applications – solar energy generation, battery energy storage, and synchronous…
August 25 2021
Abandoned, repurposed coal plant Navajo
Utilities will have to step up to the task of providing service to millions who now live without electricity, ensure reliable electricity for health facilities and schools, become credible off-takers…
August 12 2021
Utility Performance and Behavior in Africa Today
This report presents the findings of a systematic review of published evidence on demand- and supply-side drivers of and barriers to transitioning populations to MECS. 
February 22 2021