Publications

The Impact of Energy on Women’s Lives in Rural India

This report highlights the tremendous difference that access to improved energy services in the form of biomass stoves, petroleum fuels, and household electrification makes for the life of rural women. Of course, the benefits of rural energy services can differ by region, class, caste, education, and household occupation, but the overall pattern that emerges is that the benefits of improved rural energy services for rural women in India are substantial.

 

The use of Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or kerosene stoves relieves women of much of the most arduous tasks involved in cooking for their families and permits them to lead a relatively comfortable and healthy life. Household electrification also has positive consequences for women in terms of their general quality of life, including an increased likelihood that they will read, watch television, and earn income.

 

Having lights at night increases their ability to read in the evening after dark. However, the advantages of electrification could be exploited even more, as there still is a puzzling underinvestment in appliances such as mixers, grinders, blenders, and others that could help women with their daily household work.

Users also downloaded
The report is intended to underpin and expand the existing knowledge on gender equality issues, under the World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP). The case studies featured…
October 06, 2020
Stepping Up Women’s STEM Careers in Infrastructure: Summary Note: Entry Points for World Bank Project Teams Volume 3 provides a brief overview of some of the findings from an extensive literature…
October 06, 2020
ESMAP/The World Bank present the Gender Equality in the Energy Sector Calendar (2020-21) to raise awareness on key gender-equality issues in the energy sector.
March 03, 2020
Getting to Gender Equality in Electricity Infrastructure: Lessons from Electricity Generation, Transmission, and Distribution Projects sets out to examine the social and gender footprint of large-…
January 19, 2018