Publications

PUBLISHEDAugust 12 2011
AUTHOR(S)ESMAP
Good Practices in City Energy Efficiency: London, United Kingdom - Congestion Charges for Urban Transport

In February 2003, London, the capital city of the United Kingdom (U.K.), introduced a daily congestion fee for vehicles travelling in the city’s central district during weekdays. This fee was meant to ease traffic congestion, improve travel time and reliability, and make central London more attractive to businesses and visitors.

According to analysis by the City, the program has largely met its objectives. After four years of operation, traffic entering the charge zone was reduced by 21 percent; congestion, measured as a travel rate (minutes per kilometer), was 8 percent lower; and annual fuel consumption fell by approximately 44-48 million liters or about 3 percent. These changes translated into 110,000-120,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) reductions annually, a 112 ton reduction in nitrogen oxides (NOx), an eight-ton reduction in particulate matter (PM10), and some 250 fewer accidents. In terms of the program cost-effectiveness, the identified benefits exceeded the costs by more than 50 percent.  In addition, the scheme brought a steady net revenue stream for transport improvements, of which 80 percent has been reinvested in improving public bus operations and infrastructure.

Among the first programs of its kind, London’s congestion charging scheme was successfully developed and implemented. The city proved to be innovative and resourceful by ensuring key elements of the scheme were in place including technical design, public consultation, project management, information campaign and impact monitoring. London’s innovation has helped other cities around the world assess this as a policy option in meeting their urban transport needs.

Citation

ESMAP. 2011. Good Practices in City Energy Efficiency: L London, United Kingdom - Congestion Charges for Urban Transport. ESMAP Energy Efficient Cities Initiative. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Users also downloaded
Electric mobility is fundamentally changing the traditional interaction between technology, market dynamics, production capacity, government policy, supply chains, manufacturing, and complex…
December 03, 2018
This study has conducted a comprehensive assessment of the PT network in Odessa, involving the collection and analysis of PT demand and supply data, land-use and socio- economic data, focus groups,…
July 05, 2018
The manual is a practical guide for city officials and energy experts. TRACE 2.0 software and manual are available at https://esmap.org/TRACE. ESMAP first developed TRACE in 2008 to help city…
January 01, 2018
This report represents part of a study "Energy Efficiency Transformation in Astana and Almaty", which was financed by the World Bank's Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) - a multi-…
November 30, 2017